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Updated: Nov 17, 2021


It is used in almost all of Japan's top-grossing mobile games, and it has become an essential part of Japanese mobile game culture.


 

A gacha game is a type of video game in which the gacha (toy vending machine) mechanic is used. Gacha games, like loot boxes (prize crates) in video games, entice players to spend in-game currency in exchange for a random virtual item. The majority of these games are free-to-play mobile games with gacha as an incentive to spend real-world money.

In the early 2010s, the gacha game model became popular, particularly in Japan.


It is used in almost all of Japan's top-grossing mobile games, and it has become an essential part of Japanese mobile game culture.


The game mechanism is also becoming more popular in Chinese and Korean games.



Model


In these games, players can usually obtain a large number of characters, cards, or other items, the majority of which are only obtained through a "gacha" mechanism. This allows players to "pull" or "spin" the gacha (similar to a slot machine or roulette wheel) with a specific amount of in-game currency, which results in a randomized character, card, or other item. These gacha are sometimes limited in quantity, so that specific prizes can only be obtained during a specific event time-frame. Because some of the rewards have a lower chance of appearing, players usually have to spin the gacha many times before they get their desired outcome. Other gacha models employ a pity system, which states that if a player does not receive an item after a certain number of pulls, the next pull will be guaranteed that item. Soft pity increases the probability of receiving a rare item slightly with each pull, counting up and recalculating the probability until the rare item is received, whereas hard pity uses a counter to keep track of the number of pulls and automatically dispenses the rare item when the counter reaches a preset number.


In many games, gacha are required for players to advance in the game. Players may be given free or discounted gachas, but must pay to obtain additional gachas. These games may also include different tiers of gacha pulls, each with a unique set of rewards.


The gacha model has been compared to collectible trading card games as well as gambling. An aspect of monetisation commonly found in the financing of gacha games involves a model in which a very small proportion of players spend an unusually large amount of money on gacha rolls, essentially subsidizing the game for other players who may spend smaller amounts of money, or even free-to-play players who spend no money at all. The high-spending players are colloquially known as "whales."


"On Setsunaepic, you can also get strong Gacha Starter Accounts to get a head start. And since all of our accounts are reroll accounts with no hack/cheat involve so it's a safety guarantee."




Types


Complete gacha


"Complete gacha" , also known as "kompu gacha" or "compu gacha", was a popular monetization model in Japanese mobile phone video games . Complete gacha rules require players to "complete" a set of common items at random from a specific loot pool in order to combine them into a rarer item. The first few items in a set can be obtained quickly, but as the number of missing items decreases, it becomes increasingly unlikely that redeeming a loot box will complete the set. This is especially true if the game contains a large number of common items, because eventually only one single, specific item is required. A popular game using this model is Path Of Exile.


Box gacha


Box gacha is a virtual box of pre-determined items with known probabilities. Its popularity skyrocketed around the time that the complete gacha controversy was made public. The likelihood of receiving the desired item increases as items are pulled from the box because there are fewer items in the box.  If the player is willing to spend enough money, it is also possible to pull every item in the box. As a result, some players will calculate how much money it would take to ensure they get the item of their choice.


Redraw gacha


If the player receives an unfavorable result, they can "re-roll" the gacha. This feature is available for free in some games. In games that offer a free gacha roll at the start, players who are new to the game may try "re-rolling" by creating new accounts until they obtain the desired rare item or starting results. But this can take days or weeks to get the result you want.


Trade gacha


Trade gacha allows the player to exchange unwanted items for a new roll that will provide the player with a better item. Need for Speed Payback is an example of this mechanic.


Consecutive gacha


Consecutive gacha increases the player's chances of receiving rare rewards when he or she spends a lot of money. Rather than paying a set amount for individual rolls, a player can pay a larger amount to roll several times in a row for a slightly lower price. The player receives all of the items at the end of the roll.


Step-up gacha


With step-up gacha, the player's chances of obtaining a rare item increase with each roll. This gacha is very popular with high rollers because the stakes feel higher with each roll.


Open versus closed gacha


The exact probabilities of pulling rare items are shown (open) versus hidden (closed) in a gacha.


Discounted gacha


Discounted gacha usually entails the game company running special campaigns or events to allow users to roll for a lower price.


"On Setsunaepic, you can also get strong Gacha Starter Accounts to get a head start. And since all of our accounts are reroll accounts with no hack/cheat involve so it's a safety guarantee."

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